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Turkey is a paradise of sun, sea, mountains, and lakes that offers an ideal climate, providing perfect conditions in which a visitor can relax on the sandy beaches or enjoy the peace of mountains and lakes. Turkey has a magnificent past, and is a land full of historic treasures covering thir teen successive civilizations.There is no doubt that one visit will not be enough, and you will want to come back again as you discover one extraordinary place after another. All of them, no matter how different, have one thing in common, the friendly and hospitable people of this unique country

Turkey's land mass is 774.815 sq km. The European and Asian sides are divided by the Istanbul Bogazl (Bosphorus), the Sea of Marmara, and the ,Canakkale Bogazi (Dardanelles). Anatolia is a high plateau region rising progressively towards the east, and is broken by the valleys of about fifteen rivers, including the Dicle (Tigris) and the Flrat (Euphrates). There are numerous lakes and some, such as Lake Van, are as large as inland seas. In the north, the eastern Black Sea Mountain chain runs parallel to the Black Sea; in the south, the Taurus Mountains sweep down almost to the narrow, fertile coastal plain along the sea coast. Turkey enjoys a variety of climates, changing from the temperate climate of the Black Sea region, to the continental climate of the interior, then, to the Mediterranean climate of the Aegean and Mediterranean coastal regions.The coastline of Turkey's four seas is more than 8333 km long.

Turkey has been called "the cradle of civilization" and by travelling through this his toric land the tourist will discover exactly what is meant by this phrase. The world's first town, a neolithic city at Catalhoyuk, dates back to 6,500 BC. From the days of Catalhoyuk up to the present time Turkey boasts of a rich culture that through the centuries has made a lasting impression on modern civilization. The heir many centuries of cultures makes Turkey a paradise of information and cultural wealth. Hattis, Hittites, Phrygians, Urartians, Lycians, Lydians, lonians, Persians, Macedonians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuks, and Ottomans have all held important places in Turkey's history, and ancient sites and ruins scattered throughout the country give proof to each civilization's unique distinction.

Turkey also has a very fascinating recent history. Upon the decline of the Ottoman Empire, a young man named Mustafa Kemal, who was a soldier by occupation but a great visionary in character, took the defeat of World War I and turned it into a shining victory by liberating Turkey of all foreign invaders. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk founded the Republic of Turkey on the 29th of October, 1923. He led his country into peace and stability, with tremendous economic growth and complete modernization. Through decades of change and growth Turkey still boasts of this success by affectively living by their adopted motto of "Peace at Home, Peace in the World."

 In recent years Turkey has become a major tourist destination in Europe. With the rapid development of both summer and winter resorts, more and more people from all over the world are able to enjoy the history, culture, and beautiful sites of Turkey. From swimming in the Mediterranean to skiing in Uludag, Turkey has some thing to offer each tourist. Agriculture plays a very important role in the Turkish economy. The main crops are wheat, rice, cotton, tea, tobacco, hazelnuts, and fruit. Sheep are Turkey's most important livestock, and Turkey is one of European wool and cotton producer. The principal minerals extracted are coal, chrome (an important export), iron, copper, bauxite, marble and sulphur. Industry is developing rapidly and is directed mainly towards the processing of agricultural products, metallurgy, textiles, and the manufacture of automobiles and agricultural machinery

Marmara, Aegean, and Mediterranean coasts have a typical Mediterranean climate with hot summers and mild winters. The swimming season be comes shorter the further north one goes: Marmara and North AegeanJune to Sep tember, South Aegean and Mediterranean April to October.

Black Sea Coast: remperate climate with warm summers, mild winters, and rela tively high rainfall.

Central Anatolia: These areas have a steppe climate with hot, dry summers; cold winters.

Eastern Anatolia: Long snowy, cold winters with mild summers.

Southeast Anatolia: These areas have a hot summer with mild, rainy winters.

The national monetary unit is the Turkish lira (TL.). The coinage is in 500, 1000 and 2500, 5000 lira pieces. Bank notes are of 5000,10,000, 20,000, 50,000, 100,000 and 250,000, 500.000 lira. The exchange rates for foreign currencies are published daily. Eurocheques can be cashed immediately, as can traveller's cheques upon producing identification.There is no limit on the amount of foreign currency that may be brought into Turkey, but not more than $ 5,000 worth of Turkish currency may be brought into or taken out of the country

According to 2000 census Turkey has 65 million inhabitants, 41% of whom live in the countryside. The major cities are: Istanbul (9.8 mil); Ankara, the capital (3.8 mil); izmir (3.2 mil); Adana (1.9 mil); Antalya (1.1 mil); and Bursa (1.6 mil). The Turkish population is 99% Muslim. Turkey is a secular state and guarantees complete freedom of worship to non-Moslems.

The Turkish language belongs to the Ural Altaic group and has an affinity to the Finno Hungarian languages. Turkish is written in the Latin alphabet and is spoken by some 150 million people around the world

The Turkish Republic is based on secular democratic, pluralist and parliamentary system, where human rights are protected by law and social justice. The National Assembly is elected by popular vote and the nation is governed by the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister. Turkey is a founding member of OECD, the Black Sea Economic Cooperation Organisation, a member of NATO, the European Council and the European Parliament, and an associate member of the European Community

·                Oldest democracy in the region. . 
·                Only secular muslim country in the world. 
·                Democratic government since 1923. 
·                Rapidly-growing free market economy. 
·                Ability to serve as a regional base.
·                A cultural bridge for:  
·                Europe, Asia and the Near East 
·                Russia and the Newly Independent States to the north 
·                Middle Eastern countries to the south and east 
·                Balkan states to the west.


Here are some links for further info to help you learn more

about Turkey & Istanbul below;

 Ministry of Tourism’s official page:

 Turkish Government’s official page:

 association of Turkey’s travel agents:

 Turkish Airlines’ web page:

 Tutkish State Railways:

 Turkish Maritime Lines:

 Metropolitan Municipality of Istanbul:

 national parcs and hunting:

 Weather in Turkey:

for pictures about Turkey:

Brief info about Istanbul,museums,mosques and to meet a local guide,click:



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